Why Is The British Military Still In The Falkland Islands – Overseas military bases in the United Kingdom can be used by the British Armed Forces to conduct expeditionary warfare and maintain a pres. Bases should be located in or near areas of strategic or diplomatic importance, often used to build or reserve military forces, as seen during the 1982 Falklands War and the use of RAF Ascension Island as a staging post. Most of the bases are located in British overseas territories or former colonies that maintain close diplomatic ties with the British government.
Apart from the main operating bases, the British military has personnel stationed at approximately 145 overseas military installations located across 42 countries.
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Why Is The British Military Still In The Falkland Islands
Most of these are small contingents. However, some sixty installations are directly run by the British Armed Forces, including seven installations in Cyprus. Allied countries host British military personnel in some sixty-nine installations, including in Oman, where there are six, and Saudi Arabia, where there are five.
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Six of the countries with a fixed UK military presence feature on the Foreign and Commonwealth Office’s list of 30 ‘priority human rights countries’: Bahrain, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Syria and Yemen.
A number of British military operations relied heavily on the strategic island of Diego Garcia in the Chagos Islands. It has been used for major operations during the War on Terror, Operation Granby (1991), Operation Herrick (2001–2014), Operation Telic (2003–2011), Operation Shader (2014–present), Operation Desert Storm (1991), Operation Desert Fox (1998), Operation During Freedom (2001–14), Operation Iraqi Freedom (2003–11), and Operation Inherent Resolve (2014–present).
While the Ministry of Defce has publicly stated that the British Armed Forces only operate military bases in the UK, the United States, Cyprus, Gibraltar and the South Atlantic,
A November 2020 report by Declassified UK journalist Phil Miller revealed that there were in fact a total of 145 military sites covering all seven continents.
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The figures were revealed after UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced a £16.5 billion increase in the country’s challenge budget.
The 145 sites include 60 which the UK operates itself, as well as another 85 British allies run.
According to Miller, these seem to fit the description of what Mark Carleton-Smith, the Chief of the General Staff, called “lily pads”.
In Africa, British troops are in Djibouti, Kya, Malawi, Mali, Nigeria, Sierra Leone and Somalia. There are five bases/training facilities in Kya, including Camp Kifaru, which is part of BATUK at Kahawa Barracks in Nairobi.
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The command’s mission is “[t]o provide logistical support to operational forces deployed in the Indian Ocean and Persian Gulf AORs in support of national policy objectives.”
Despite the fact that it is technically owned by the Ministry of Defce, the facility is primarily occupied by elements of the US Navy.
HMS Protector provides the civilian scientific research station and patrols nearby waters, including those around South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
There are sixty-one sites in Asia where British military personnel are reported to be prests. Most of these are in the Arab states of the Persian Gulf, such as Saudi Arabia, which is home to five sites, and Oman, which has six of them. There are two sites in the United Arab Emirates and a main base, the United Kingdom Naval Support Facility, in Bahrain.
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There is also a two-man squad at the US Embassy in Jerusalem. The two soldiers are understood to assist the work of Mark C. Schwartz, US security coordinator for Israel and the Palestinian Authority.
In Sembawang in Singapore, there is the British Support Unit Defce Singapore operated by the Royal Navy and could be positioned as the logistics and support base of the British Armed Forces in Southeast Asia, East Asia and Oceania. Brunei has one battalion of the Royal Gurkha Regimt and a support helicopter unit.
Australia has four sites where British personnel are stationed: Wyndham aerodrome in Western Australia, Williamtown in New South Wales, Woomera and Mawson Lakes, both in South Australia.
According to a UK Declassified report, the British military also has around 60 personnel stationed around the country. Around 25 of these have challenging attaché roles at the British High Commission in Canberra and at Australian Department of Defense sites near the capital, such as the Joint Operations Command in Bungdore.
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Another British military personnel is based in an unspecified location in New Zealand. Parliamentary data from 2014 showed their role included working as a navigator on a P-3K Orion aircraft, operated by the Royal New Zealand Air Force.
There are also four bases in Germany and one of the British Crown Depdcy in Jersey, Lithuania, Estonia and the Czech Republic.
As British overseas territories, the Turks and Caicos Islands, Montserrat, Bermuda and the Cayman Islands have established locally recruited units that are British Army reserves.
The most correctly established of these is the Turks and Caicos Islands Regimt, which was officially raised in April 2020.
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RAF Mount Pleasant is the largest of six sites in the Falkland Islands, the only South American territory with British military personnel. Mount Pleasant is supplied from a yard in Mare Harbour. The islands are monitored by three radar sites at Mount Alice, Byron Heights and Mount Kt, respectively.
RAF Ascion: The RAF maintains an air base on the island of Ascion; notable for its use as a staging post during the 1982 Falklands War, the territory is also the site of a joint UK-US signals intelligence facility.
HMS Jufair: Britain’s return east of Suez was marked by the establishment of a major naval support facility. Officially opened in 2018, in the Bahraini port of Mina Salman, the base can support vessels up to the size of aircraft carriers. Bahrain is also home to the UK Maritime Component Command, which supports Royal Navy anti-mine countermeasures ships deployed in the Middle East.
British Army Training and Support Unit Belize (BATSUB): Used primarily for jungle warfare training, with access to 5,000 square miles (13,000 km).
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) in forest terrain. Although the British facility was blocked in the 2010 Strategic Defense and Security Review, 12 personnel remain on station at BATSUB along with 100 locally recruited civilian personnel.
British Forces British Indian Ocean Territory: A permanent joint base of operations. Although the Diego Garcia Naval Support Facility and air base facilities on Diego Garcia are leased to the United States, the UK retains ownership and ongoing access. The small but permanent British garrison, known as Naval Party 1002, forms the civil administration of this British Overseas Territory.
British Forces Brunei: A garrison of one battalion from the Royal Gurkha Rifles and No. 7 Flight AAC. Established in 1959, it also conducts routine jungle warfare courses for the British Army and Royal Marines.
British Army Training Unit Suffield: Home to a large number of British Army service vehicles, including the Challger 2 and Warrior IFV. It is the British Army’s largest armored warfare training facility, training up to 5 battle groups each year with 1,400 personnel.
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British Forces Cyprus: A permanent joint operating base with important garrisons at Akrotiri and Dhekelia, including RAF Akrotiri, joint signals intelligence stations RAF Troodos and Ayios Nikolaos, and facilities to support two resident infantry battalions and support units of the British Army.
British Forces South Atlantic Islands: A permanent joint operating base. The British garrison is around RAF Mount Pleasant (Mount Pleasant Complex) and includes the commitment of all branches of the Armed Forces, mainly; No. 1435 Flight RAF (4 x Typhoons), No. 1312 Flight RAF (one traveler and one Airbus A400M Atlas), HMS Forth, and 1,000 British Army personnel. There are also early warning radar stations and airspace control in critical positions, and the East Cove Military Port, a deep water port operated by Naval Party 2010.
British Army Germany: Home of 23 Amphibious Engineer Squadron and other support elements as well as storage and Alpine Training Ctre Hubertushaus in Oberstdorf.
NATO Forward Presce: The UK contributes approximately 900 personnel (armoured and armored infantry) to a multinational NATO battle group in Estonia and another group of light armored squadrons to the NATO force in Poland.
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British Forces Gibraltar: A permanent joint operating base. Great Britain has held a valuable military position in Gibraltar since its capture (1704) and the subsequent Treaty of Utrecht (1713). Facilities include (but are not limited to) RAF Gibraltar Air Base and Port of Gibraltar.
British Army Training Unit Kya: Used primarily for training British infantry battalions in the arid and rugged terrain of the Great Rift Valley. Routine Royal Engineers and Royal Army Medical Corps exercises also bring civil engineering projects and healthcare assistance to local communities.
British Gurkhas Nepal: The British Army maintains a small outpost in Nepal for recruitment purposes in the Gurkhas Brigade.
Camp Viking: About 1,000 personnel from the Royal Navy’s Littoral Response Group (North) to respond to emerging crises in Europe.
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UK Joint Logistics Support Base: A military logistics center and training facility under construction in Duqm that will have a dry dock and be able to accommodate Que Elizabeth-class submarines and aircraft carriers. It could be linked to other Persian Gulf countries by the Gulf
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