Who Did A Military Coup Take Place Against In Argentina – Myanmar soldiers take to the streets during anti-coup protests in Yangon, Myanmar, Feb. 28, 2021. (Reuters Photo)
Myanmar’s ruling junta established a special command one day after last year’s coup, which is solely responsible for the deployment and operation of the armed forces in cities, and allows attacks on civilians, human rights researchers say.
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Who Did A Military Coup Take Place Against In Argentina
The group Fortify Rights and Yale Law School’s Schell Center said after a joint investigation that the junta leader had deployed snipers to kill protesters to instill fear, while soldiers were trained to commit crimes. and given a “fieldcraft” manual that has no guide to the rules of war.
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The researchers, in a 193-page report released on Friday, reviewed the leaked documents and 128 reports from various sources, including survivors, medical staff, witnesses and former army and police, about the unrest in Myanmar in the six months after the coup. Feb. 1 last year.
They said they received and confirmed internal messages to the police instructing them to arrest only protesters, activists and members of the ousted ruling party, and to present evidence from people assaults and other abuses.
“All those involved in these crimes must be prosecuted and punished,” said Matthew Smith, head of Fortify Rights and co-author of the report, urging members of the United Nations demand a handshake in Myanmar and legal action against it. his generals.
Fortify Rights is an independent non-governmental organization based in Southeast Asia and founded in 2013, funded by donations from Europe, Asia and the United States, as well as private sources. It is widely practiced in Myanmar.
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The Schell Center at Yale Law School was established in 1989 for law students and graduates to specialize in human rights and assist human rights organizations.
The investigation will increase international pressure on the military to stop targeting opponents and the use of weapons and ammunition in civilian areas.
It comes a week after a UN report found Myanmar’s military responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity. The junta has not responded but has already dismissed accusations of abuses such as the involvement of foreigners due to fraud.
The report, titled “Nowhere is Safe,” also identified 61 soldiers and police officers who investigators said should be investigated for crimes against humanity, aided by the security sources know about the chain of command.
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Investigators said they had established the locations of more than 1,000 soldiers during the raid, which they said could help prosecutors geo-locate criminals.
Junta leader Min Aung Hlaing’s new “special command” in the capital Naypyitaw led by four of his top generals, he said, without others being allowed to decide what to do troops stationed in towns and cities.
“Without efforts to stop the violence and hold the junta accountable for the crimes it has committed to date, the junta will continue to persecute its opponents, kill civilians, and disrupt the social, health, and economic life of Myanmar,” said Roger Polack, a visiting fellow at the Schell Center and author of the report.
Myanmar Coup D’état
The May 16th Coup (Korean: 5.16 사지정변 ; Hanja: 五一六軍事政變 ; RR: O-illyuk gunsa-jeongbyeon) was a military coup organized by South Korea in 1961. Park Chung -hee and his colleagues formed the Military Revolution Committee, headed by Chief of Staff Chang Do-yong after the latter agreed to the date of the coup. The coup deposed the government elected by Prime Minister Chang Myon and Presidt Yun Posun, and ended the Second Republic, installing a reformist military council to reorganize the government. effectively led by Park, who took over after the arrest of Geral Chang in July.
The coup was instrumental in bringing to power a new developmentmtalist elite and in laying the foundations for South Korea’s rapid development under Park’s leadership, but its legacy is controversial for the destruction of democracy and civil liberties he achieved, and the purges did his. wake up. The “May 16 Military Revolution” was called by Park and his allies, “a spiritual first”.
The nature of the coup can be seen in the immediate context, as well as in the broader context of the development of the liberation of South Korea. While the Second Republic presented South Korea with a series of economic and political crises that prompted military intervention, the coup’s direct roots go back to the end of Rhee, and especially direct historians like Yong-Sup Han. The image of the coup as a direct and unacceptable response to the vagaries of a new government paralyzed by demic instability is much simpler.
Since 1948, South Korea has been ruled by Presidt Syngman Rhee, an anti-Communist who used the Korean War to consolidate a monopoly on political power in the republic. Rhee represented the interests of a conservative ruling class, the so-called “liberation aristocrats” who held positions of power under the American occupation. These “liberation aristocrats” formed the majority of the political class, encompassing both supporters of Rhee and his opponents in the Democratic Party, which developed a vision of community like his.
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Rhee eliminated a major source of real opposition, including the execution of Cho Bong-am, who ran against him in the 1956 presidential election on a platform of peaceful reunification. and he received 30% of the vote, a record high. level of support for the opposing candidate.
Major opposition figures like Cho, however, can be considered part of the ruling class’ broad conservative consensus.
Rested on the traditional, Confucian worldview that saw “pluralism in ideology and equality in human relations [as] foreign concepts”,
And who supported the wealth of the patriarchal state and the power of large networks of political patronage. Rhee, under this traditional model, is the central “elder” in Korean society, to whom Koreans owe family, and this relationship is reinforced by the ties of responsibility that bind Rhee to many elements of the control panel.
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One result of the law of “liberation aristocrats” is the restriction of development in South Korea, which is very different from the situation in neighboring Japan. Where South Korea was strongly developed under the Japanese colonial system, Rhee’s presidency did not see much effort to develop the South Korean economy, which remained stagnant, poor and including most of the country.
The lack of development under Rhee provoked the growth of national intelligence required for social reform and political and economic reorganization. Park Chung-hee, the last leader of the May Coup, was a second-class military officer at the time with political ambitions.
After the election in March 1960, the protests grew into the April Revolution, and Rhee was forced by the United States to leave peacefully on April 26. The election on June 29 was won by the Democratic Party, and Rhee’s Liberals were reduced to two seats in the new lower house of the National Assembly.
The Second Republic adopted a parliamentary system, with a head of state; Executive power is effectively devolved to the prime minister and the minister. Democrat Yun Posun was elected president in August, with former Vice President Chang Myon becoming prime minister.
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The Second Republic was plagued from the start, with the cynicism of the Democratic Party competing with unpopular unrest over the government’s struggle. South Korea’s economy has been reeling under high inflation and rising unemployment, while crime rates have been pegged higher than the double; from December 1960 to April 1961, for example, the price of rice increased by 60 percent, while unemployment was over 23%.
The result is a wider food cycle. Chang Myon was elected Prime Minister in the third party.
Rhee’s nominees were not cleared in the public eye by Chang’s manipulation of the list which was supposed to favor wealthy businessmen and powerful generals.
Although Rhee was removed and a democratic constitution was established, the power of the “liberation aristocrats” remained, and the serious problems facing South Korea were unavoidable for the new government.
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South Korea’s political breakdown and administrative purges in the military have combined to demoralize and demoralize the Armed Forces, charged with maintaining the military’s chain of command and control. insurrection.
The military’s reluctance to do so allowed plans for a coup to unfold, and problems.
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