Where To Buy British Military Test And Evaluation Aircraft Book – The 31st Test and Evaluation Squadron is a unit of the United States Air Force, assigned to the 753d Test and Evaluation Group, stationed at Edwards Air Force Base, California, as a geographically separate unit of the 53rd Wing. The 31st TES is an Air Combat Command (ACC) unit at Edwards, which provides personnel to support the combined test and evaluation of Air Force weapons systems.
The squadron is one of the oldest in the United States Air Force, its origins date back to June 26, 1917, being organized at Kelly Field, Texas. The squadron deployed to the gland as part of the American Expeditionary Force during the First World War. The squadron saw combat during World War II, and later became part of the Strategic Air Command (SAC) during the Cold War.
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The squadron provides Air Combat Command personnel to support the combined test and evaluation of Air Force weapons systems. The unit also provides the Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center at Kirtland Air Force Base, New Mexico, and the Air Force Materiel Command with test team members who have an operational perspective for conduct testing and evaluation of Combat Air Force systems.
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The 31st is one of the oldest squadrons in the Air Force, its origins date back to June 26, 1917. During this time, members of the squadron participated in the First World War, the Second World War and the Korea.
The 31st Test and Evaluation Squadron traces its history to the organization of the 31st Aero Squadron at Kelly Field, Texas, on June 26, 1917, shortly after the United States entered World War I.
Around the first of July, orders were received to equip the squadron for overseas work. The month of tire July was spt in drill and preparation for foreign service.
Captain Carl Spaatz, who would later become the first Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force.
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He was put in command on July 13, bringing with him many years of previous military experience, which added a lot to the effectiveness of the organization.
The squadron left Kelly Field on August 11 for Fort Tott New York, and after awaiting transportation, the 31st was transported on August 22 to the Port of Try, Hobok, New Jersey, and were embarked on the RMS Baltic. The next day, they left Pier 59, bound for Halifax, Nova Scotia, where the ship anchored awaiting a convoy. Finally, on September 5, the convoy was formed and the transatlantic journey began.
On the night of September 14, two red rockets were fired by an accompanying destroyer that had seen a submarine periscope. The destroyer dropped depth charges on the submarine, and the Baltic made a sudden turn to port, which caused both m and something loose on board the ship to move. Suddenly a large explosion was heard and five long blasts were made from the ship’s whistle and all on board were ordered to report to their assigned lifeboats. The captain of the Baltic announced that a torpedo had hit the ship, but it had only made a glancing blow on the bow; that the emergency pumps were working and there was no danger. The next day, the Baltic arrived in Liverpool, gland, and the m immediately boarded the train to Southampton, arriving at 1:00 am on September 15.
In Southampton, 50 of the m were detached from the squadron and were sent to several Royal Flying Corps schools to undergo training in gunnery and aircraft construction. These schools were in Grantham, Uphav, Lincoln and Reading, glands. The rest of the squadron went to France, arriving at Le Havre on the 19th, and from there embarked a troop train to the First Mechanics’ Regiment of the Army Air Service at Étampes. Here, the squadron was divided into three detachments. Two were assigned to the Training Section of the AEF, being st to the French schools of aeronautical mechanics in Paris and Lyon. The third detachment was ordered to go to the 3d Air Instructional Cter at Issoudun Aerodrome.
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Initially, the m of the squadron at Issoudun were gaged in construction projects, such as putting up new buildings, hangars and other necessities to make the 3d AIC operational. The squadron was recombined at Issoudun Aerodrome just after Christmas Day, 1917. The m had been well trained in aircraft assembly, engine maintenance and other skills necessary for them to do their work at the AIC 3d. The m from glandula arrived on January 14, and they became instructors in pistol, rifle, and machine-gunnery. The duties of the squadron became the maintenance of training aircraft, mainly Frch Nieuports at the school, which had been installed by the Training Section, AEF to train the American research pilots before being st in combat at the Front.
The 31st Aero Squadron was assigned to the care and maintenance of the 15-meter Nieuport aircraft (Nieuport 17, 17bis, 21, 23, 24, 24bis, and 27s) at field no. landing and wing glides. It was in Issoudun that the squadron emblem, still in use today, was designed. In his spare time, I m gaged in sports such as boxing and football. Athletics was an important part of the duty at Issoudun, giving the squadron, which was largely divided around the station, an esprit-de-corps and helped build morale. In addition to aircraft work, airmen were also engaged in expanding the 3d Aviation Instruction Center as needed, erecting additional buildings and aircraft hangars as ‘and new airfields were required while training was expanded with additional pilots and aircraft.
During the month of September 1918, the formation was mostly together as new pilots, to be assigned to the new Air Service of the Army, began to arrive for the instructions. At the time of the Armistice on November 11, the m of the squadron held responsible positions in many of the support areas of the 3d Aviation Instruction Cter. Although they did not fight, the m provided the means to train the pilots who go to the front and gave them the best training to be able to carry out their work.
The 31st remained at Issodun until the d of December 1918, when orders were received to go to the 1st Air Depot, the Airdrome of Colombey-les-Belles, France, for demobilization. From Colombey, the squadron was moved to a staging camp under the Services of Supply in Bordeaux, France, in January awaiting a date to report to a base port for transport home. In mid-March, the squadron embarked on a troop ship, arriving in New York on April 5. From there, the 31st moved to Mitchel Field, New York where they were demobilized and returned to civilian life.
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The 31st Bombardmt Squadron was reconstituted as a reserve unit of the Army Air Service on March 24, 1923, being assigned to the 7th Bombardmt Group in the Third Corps area. It was an active unit associated with the 49th Bombardmt Squadron at Langley Field, Virginia. Its members extended their reserve commitments with the 49th, mostly supporting the squadron’s Dayton-Wright DH-4s. It was moved to the Ninth Corps Area in California on February 28, 1927, but never fully organized in the reserves. It was transferred to the Eighth Corps Area in Texas on September 1, 1928, and its members trained as individual reservists at Kelly Field.
On 1 April 1931 it was transferred to the United States Army Air Corps as a regular unit without reservists, being activated at March Field, California and assigned to the 7th Bombardmt Group. It was initially equipped with Keystone B-3 and B-4 biplane bombers, the bombers usually differed from each other only in the type of engine that powered them, and it was often only possible to distinguish one from the other another for an examination of its serial numbers. Keystone planes were the Army’s standard bombers during the 1920s and were as powerful as their World War I contemporaries, but in terms of safety they were greatly improved.
The group was transferred on 5 December 1934 to the newly constructed Hamilton Field, near San Francisco, as part of a realignmt of Air Corps units in California due to the closure of Rockwell Field near San Diego and the transfer of units from Rockwell to March. Field. At Hamilton Field, the 31st was upgraded Martin B-10 and B-12s, the first all-metal monoplane bomber for full production for the Army. It was also the first bomber to have a performance that exceeded that of contemporary research aircraft. Again, the main difference between the bombs was the type of gene. In the spring of 1937, the 31st received new Douglas B-18 Bolos, the 7th Group is the first operational unit to receive the bombers.
The squadron formed in Hamilton until d of 1937, when it was ordered to go to Hickam Field, Hawaii, to reinforce the Hawaiian Department. Departed the port of San Francisco on the USAT Republic on 1 February 1938, arriving at the port of Honolulu on 8 February and transferring to Hickam the same day, being assigned to the 5th Composite Group.
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On the 31st he joined the 23d and 72d Bombardmt
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