Are There Any Black Female Generals In The Us Military – After getting President Joe Biden’s nomination earlier this month, the Jamaican-born commander was confirmed for promotion by the Senate on December 15,
Reported. Matlock’s current appointment is at the National Security Agency’s Fort Meades, where he serves as deputy director of cybersecurity for combat support.
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Are There Any Black Female Generals In The Us Military
A trailblazer at heart, the Marquette University alum has made history more than once. In 2018, she became the first black woman in the Corps to achieve the previously reported one-star rank of brigadier general, BLACK ENTERPRISE, and she is the first black woman to serve as the Marine Corps’ chief information officer.
Women In The Military
Although the Corps has increased its efforts to diversify its ranks, the military organization still maintains the lowest percentage of women among its troops at 9%, per
. For Mahlock, significant changes have been made since the ban on women in combat was lifted in 2015.
“I’ve seen that barrier lifted in my career,” Mahlock said, according to a story published by Marquette. “We have women flying strike planes, women in infantry and artillery and tanks… It doesn’t matter where you come from or what color your skin is, your gender or your ethnicity, we’re just trying to figure out how to build the best fighting force. “
Matlock’s rise through the military ranks is a testament to his journey before and after immigrating to Brooklyn, NY, from Jamaica at the age of 17. He enlisted in the Marine Corps just three months later and became an air traffic controller. In his decades-long military career, Mahlock has served in a variety of leadership roles.
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Mahlock earned his commission through the Marine Corps’ Earned Commissioning Education Program in December 1991 after graduating from Marquette with a broadcast journalism degree. He also earned graduate degrees in adult and higher education from the University of Oklahoma and a master’s degree in military strategic studies from the U.S. Army War College. in 2010, reported BLACK ENTERPRISE.
“I went to an all-girls Catholic school in the Caribbean, and then coming to the Jesuit building really helped me,” Mahlock said. “The professors in the NROTC unit at Marquette really embraced the idea that to make people better, you have to know their story, meet them where they are and help them on their journey.” Whether it’s defending our country on the front lines or providing support to U.S. soldiers. and civilian employees, African American women have made significant achievements in the Army.
The Women’s Memorial compiles a list of trailblazers who helped pave the way for some of today’s Army leaders.
In March 1948, Lt. 1 Nancy C. Lieutenant became the first black woman to become a member of the Regular Army Nurse Corps after joining the Reserve Corps in February 1945.
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In 1964, Margaret E. Bailey, Army Nurse Corps, was the first nurse to be promoted to lieutenant colonel. In 1970, she went on to become the first black nurse to hold the rank of colonel.
In 1967, Captain Clara Adams-Ender became the first woman in the U.S. Army. who are eligible and awarded the Specialist Field Medicine Badge. In 1976, Lt. Col. Clara Adams-Ender became the first woman in the U.S. Army. who earned a Master of Military Arts and Sciences degree from the Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
In 1974, S. Sgt. Joyce B. Malone became the first black woman to earn wings in the air in the U.S. Army Reserve.
In 1979, Brigadier General Hazel W. Johnson-Brown became the first black female general officer and the first black chief of the Army Nurse Corps.
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In 1995, Brig. General Marcelite Harris, USAF, was promoted to major general, the first black woman to achieve this rank.
In 1997, the U.S. Army Sgt. Danyell Wilson became the first black woman to get the prestigious job of tending the Tomb of the Unknowns at Arlington National Cemetery.
In 1951, Edwina Martin of Danville, Virginia; Fannie Jean Cotton of Jackson, Michigan; and Evelyn M. Brown of Shreveport, Louisiana were the first three black women to be commissioned officers (second lieutenants) in the Air Force. All three graduated from the Air Force Officer Candidate School at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas.
In 1969, Captain Diane Lindsay, Army Nurse Corps, was the first black nurse to receive the Soldier’s Medal for Heroism. Hazel Johnson-Brown knew she wanted a career in medicine early in her life, but when she applied to nursing school, she was rejected. “We’ve never had a black person in our program, and we never will,” the director of nursing at Pennsylvania’s West Chester School of Nursing told her.
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Johnson-Brown, undeterred, ended up at the Harlem Hospital School of Nursing instead, and graduated in 1950, taking a job at the Philadelphia Veterans Administration hospital. When she was soon promoted to head nurse, a young white staff nurse who had been there longer was upset. “I’ve come out of Harlem, I’ve been taught well…Even though I’m not the head nurse, I work like I am…and get the job done. That’s what it’s all about – to take care of patients,” Johnson-Brown said in a video biography made by Visionary Project. The white nurse complained to Johnson-Brown that she did not deserve a promotion. “I didn’t make me the head nurse,” she told the white woman, urging her to take it up with the senior staff. Instead, the woman stopped.
Hazel Winnifred Johnson was one of seven children, born in 1927 in West Chester, Pennsylvania. The family soon moved to nearby Malvern, where Hazel spent most of her childhood working on the family farm. His father grew tomatoes for Campbell’s tomato soup. “My father has seven children. He didn’t have to hire anybody,” he recalls. But his horizons were much broader than the farm. “I wanted to travel and I wanted to see things,” Johnson-Brown said of his desire to join the military.
To realize his dream of seeing the world and at the insistence of his superiors, Johnson-Brown joined the U.S. Army. in 1955, when the effects of racism and segregation were still being felt. In 1948, President Truman desegregated the Armed Forces when he signed Executive Order 9981, which stated, “there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed forces without regard to race, color, religion, or national origin.” Truman knew signing the language into law was not enough; he also established an advisory committee to actually implement the changes, to which there was great opposition among the military.
According to Johnson-Brown, the racism she experienced was subtle. It was things like his superiors trying to get him up to speed through performance appraisals, and protecting his competency ratings so he wouldn’t question them. (He has been warned about this particular behavior, and will no doubt insist on being shown his ratings in every review, demanding they be raised when he knows his performance is close to perfect.)
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President Truman signed ‘National Freedom Day’ into law in 1948. The proclamation commemorated the anniversary of the passage of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution. (Bettmann/Getty Images)
Still, Johnson-Brown says she has a lot of support from colleagues she works closely with. She is one of the most trusted operating room nurses wherever she goes, her competence surpassing her race in most cases. Later, working in research and development, he reported that people were so problem-oriented that they cared more about the solutions their colleagues could offer than whether they were male or female or the color of their skin.
While in the military, Johnson-Brown found that the most offensive incidents of racism were seemingly indiscriminate encounters while shopping among civilians. At the time, African Americans were embarrassed to buy anything they tried on, thinking that they would pollute the clothes just by touching them. It was something Johnson-Brown refused to do. “You just do whatever and get away with it,” a friend of Johnson-Brown joked, after she challenged racist policies at a local movie theater and left a shoe store without buying a pair she tried on. “That’s because I’m not afraid,” Johnson-Brown replied. “I’m not afraid.”
“I challenged the whole system,” he continued in the interview, “because I thought, this is stupid. Here we are fighting for your life, stupid, and you want to tell me that if I put my foot in a shoe or my hand in a glove must I buy her? Give me a break. Since when did I poison her by touching her? If that happens, you should be dead, because when you were a baby I probably took care of you.
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She later earned a bachelor’s degree in nursing from Villanova in 1959, a master’s degree from Columbia University Teachers College in 1963, and a doctorate in educational administration from Catholic University in 1978.
But Johnson-Brown identifies first and foremost as a patient advocate. She worked at Walter Reed, primarily in open heart surgery and neurosurgery cases, eventually becoming head of the Nursing Institute within the hospital. She worked overseas in Korea and Japan, and trained surgical nurses to Vietnam. In 1977, Brown became the highest-ranking black woman
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