Why Does The Us Have Military Bases In The Uk

Why Does The Us Have Military Bases In The Uk – The Federal Republic of Germany has been a vital part of US defense strategy in Europe since the end of World War II, when US forces were part of a 10-year Allied occupation of the country. Although troop numbers have dwindled considerably since those days, the U.S. military still maintains a major presence and in the decades since, American military communities have formed around a handful of German towns.

Germany’s strategic importance to the United States is reflected in the location of United States European Command (EUCOM) headquarters in the southwestern city of Stuttgart, from which it serves as a structure coordination for all US military forces in 51 mainly European countries.

Why Does The Us Have Military Bases In The Uk

EUCOM’s mission is to protect and defend the United States by deterring conflict, supporting partnerships such as NATO, and countering transnational threats. Under him are US Army Europe, US Air Forces Europe and US Marine Corps Forces Europe and Africa, all of which have facilities in Germany.

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In fact, Germany hosts the largest portion of US troops in Europe – around 38,600, although numbers vary as troops are regularly turned to other countries. It’s also more military personnel than the United States keeps in any other country except Japan.

However, the numbers have dropped in recent years. German government figures show that between 2006 and 2018, the number of US troops stationed in Germany more than halved, from 72,400 to 33,250, as the US military responded to a changing global security situation. and increasingly complex. .

Germany is home to five of the seven US Army garrisons in Europe (the other two are in Belgium and Italy), and US Army Europe is headquartered at the garrison in Wiesbaden, a city near Frankfurt in the center -West Germany.

Figures provided by the US military show that these five garrisons, each made up of various installations at different locations, currently number around 29,000 personnel. This number includes U.S. Marine Corps Forces Europe and Africa, headquartered in Böblingen, southwestern Germany, as part of U.S. Army Garrison At stuttgart.

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Additionally, approximately 9,600 US Air Force personnel are spread across various locations in Germany, including the two US Air Force bases at Ramstein and Spangdahlem.

Because US military installations also employ American civilians, and service members may sometimes take their families with them overseas, large civilian communities may form around bases. In fact, some US bases in Germany, like the one near Ramstein, are small towns themselves. They include not only barracks, airfields, training grounds, and materiel depots, but also their own American malls, schools, postal services, and police forces. Sometimes the only legal currency is the US dollar.

Meanwhile, the U.S. Army’s Bavarian Garrison, headquartered in Grafenwöhr near the Bavarian border with the Czech Republic, is the largest U.S. Army overseas base in the world, both in population than in area, covering more than 97,000 acres (390 square kilometers).

The Grafenwöhr training area in Bavaria is one of the largest for the US military in Europe Image: picture-alliance/Zuma Press/U.S. Army

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The bases also often employ significant numbers of local nationals and serve as an economic engine for the surrounding German communities, whose businesses provide goods and services. Closures of past facilities, such as the army garrison in Bamberg in 2014, have weighed on the local economy, and many Germans living near active US military installations have expressed opposition to possible troop reductions.

But the extent of the US military presence in Germany is not limited to personnel: the US also maintains aircraft at other non-US airbases in Germany. In addition, thanks to the NATO nuclear sharing agreement, an estimated 20 nuclear weapons are held at the German air base in Büchel, western Germany, which has drawn widespread criticism from the from the Germans.

Another contentious arrangement is the fact that Ramstein Air Base is used as a control center for drone strikes in Yemen and elsewhere.

The American military presence in Germany is a legacy of the Allied occupation after World War II, which lasted from 1945 to 1955. During this period, millions of American, British, French and Soviet soldiers were stationed in Germany.

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In West Germany, occupation was governed by the Occupation Statute, signed in April 1949, when the country was founded. The statute allowed France, the United Kingdom and the United States to maintain occupation forces in the country and to maintain full control over the disarmament and demilitarization of West Germany.

When West Germany’s military occupation officially ended, the country regained control of its own defense policy. However, the occupation status was replaced by another agreement with its NATO partners. This agreement, known as the Convention on the Presence of Foreign Forces in the Federal Republic of Germany, was signed in 1954 by West Germany. It allowed eight NATO members, including the United States, to have a permanent military presence in Germany. The treaty still regulates the terms and conditions of NATO troops stationed in Germany today.

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The number of American military personnel has declined since the end of the Cold War in 1990, when, according to the German government, there were around 400,000 foreign soldiers stationed on German soil. About half of them were American servicemen, but they were gradually withdrawn as tensions with what remained of the Soviet Union subsided and conflicts elsewhere, such as the first Gulf War in Iraq, were driving away more American servicemen.

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US President Donald Trump has announced a reduction in US troops stationed in Germany. He blamed Berlin for failing to meet its NATO spending obligations and accused it of treating the United States “unfairly” on trade. (16.06.2020)

The United States says it could withdraw some troops from Germany amid disagreements over a naval mission in the Persian Gulf and defense spending. The US ambassador’s remarks come ahead of two presidential trips to Europe. (09.08.2019)

Despite US President Donald Trump’s repeated bluster about NATO, the United States will increase its presence in Germany. Germany welcomed this decision as a commitment to the defense of Europe. (07.09.2018) United States military service members nationwide may have been exposed to environmental hazards while stationed at certain military bases. Many of the toxic chemicals found in these bases have been linked to health issues. If you suffer a medical condition after service, you may be eligible for a disability award through the Department of Veterans Affairs.

Here’s what veterans need to know about potential toxic exposure on US military bases and filing disability claims for VA benefits.

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The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) started the “Superfund” program in 1980 when Congress enacted the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA). This program is an effort to clean up lands that the EPA has determined to be contaminated with hazardous wastes and that pose a risk to human health and/or the environment. Superfund sites are found all over the world due to the presence of the United States in several countries through private, government, and military programs. A complex assessment is in place to determine if a site should be considered a Superfund site. Assessments include examining the types of toxins; whether the toxins are in soil, water, air, or sediment; and what cleaning phase the site is already in. The main toxins evaluated by the EPA are asbestos, dioxin, lead, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and radiation.

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Presumptive conditions are medical conditions that the VA has linked to a specific type of military service. For example, the VA assumes that some Vietnam War veterans with certain conditions, such as chronic B-cell leukemia and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, were exposed to Agent Orange. This means that they are automatically entitled to disability benefits. The VA has similar presumptive conditions for Gulf War veterans.

The VA has already authorized certain presumptive benefits for veterans stationed at Fort McClellan in Alabama and Camp Lejeune in North Carolina for specific periods. Veterans stationed at these bases may have been exposed to a number of toxic substances through contaminated water, which may have resulted in serious health effects. There are also presumptive conditions for veterans called “atomic vets”, who meet certain radiation exposure criteria. Veterans who were stationed at bases listed as EPA Superfund cleanup sites still have the option of filing a claim for direct service connection as long as they can show service-related exposure.

The EPA currently has more than 130 US-based military facilities and sites listed as Superfund priorities. Below is a list of major military sites by state and the toxins associated with each facility.

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There are several factors the VA will consider when determining eligibility for compensation based on toxic exposure. For most of these sites, veteran exposure will have been minimal depending on the veteran’s job, location, and whether they specifically treated the specified contaminants. Also, many bases did not contain contaminants except for specific periods of time. And, while not every member of the service may have been exposed, if you were stationed at one of these facilities and suffered from an illness associated with one of the toxins, that is a good idea to check with your health care provider for possible connection and deposit. a claim for compensation. For a complete list, go to the EPA Superfund website.

Cyanide, phenols, pesticides, herbicides, chlorinated hydrocarbons, petroleum hydrocarbons, solvents, acids, chelating agents, asbestos, creosote, lead, thallium, antimony and chromium

Pesticides, insecticides, alpha-chlordane, benzoapyrene, cesium-137, chromium, cobalt-60, dibenzo (A, H) anthracene, dieldrin, gamma-chlordane,

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