Why Does America Have Military Bases All Over The World

Why Does America Have Military Bases All Over The World – In the early hours of August 31, the last US soldiers took off from Kabul airport, officially ending the 20-year war in Afghanistan, the longest in US history.

At its peak in 2011, the US had approximately 100,000 troops at at least 10 military bases from Bagram to Kandahar. In total, more than 800,000 US soldiers served in the war according to the Pentagon.

Why Does America Have Military Bases All Over The World

Although no US troops remain on the ground today, US President Joe Biden said his military will continue to conduct airstrikes against enemy targets from “beyond the horizon” – air missions from a vast network of US bases around the region

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According to David Vine, professor of political anthropology at American University in Washington, DC, the US USA they had about 750 bases in at least 80 countries as of July 2021.

With 120 active bases, Japan has the most US bases in the world followed by Germany with 119 and South Korea with 73.

Large Bases or “Bases” – defined as military installations larger than 4 hectares (10 acres) or valued at more than $10 million. These bases usually have more than 200 US military personnel. 439 or 60 percent of US foreign bases. fall into this category.

Small bases or “Lily Pads”: These bases are less than 4 hectares (10 acres) or have a value of less than $10 million. These include cooperative security locations and direct operation sites. The remaining 40 percent of US foreign bases fall into this category.

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According to global US military deployment data published in the Conflict Management and Peace Science Journal, the US had about 173,000 troops deployed in 159 countries as of 2020.

Like US bases, countries with the largest number of US troops include Japan with 53,700, Germany with 33,900 and South Korea with 26,400.

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According to Brown University’s Watson Institute, between 1.9 million and three million US military personnel have served in Afghanistan and Iraq since 2001, and more than half of them have been deployed more than once.

The largest US military installation in the Middle East is Al Udeid Air Base, located west of Doha, Qatar. Established in 1996, it is home to approximately 11,000 US and coalition service members. Covering an area of ​​24 hectares (60 acres), the base is home to nearly 100 aircraft and drones.

Oc] A Map Of Every United States Military Base In The World In 2020

On October 7, 2001, the United States under President George W. Bush invaded Afghanistan following the 9/11 attacks. The coalition he led accused the ruling Taliban regime of harboring Osama bin Laden, the al Qaeda leader who claimed responsibility for the attacks.

An estimated 241,000 people have died as a direct result of war since 2001, according to Brown University’s Costs of War Project. In addition, hundreds of thousands more, mostly civilians, died due to starvation, disease and injuries caused by the devastating war.

In 2003, the United States invaded Iraq after it accused Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein of having weapons of mass destruction; none found. At its peak in 2007, the US had about 170,000 troops in the country. Today, there are about 2,500 US troops in the country as part of a security agreement with the Iraqi government.

The United States has been in Japan since the end of World War II (1939-1945) and in South Korea since the Korean War (1950-1953).

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Nearly half of all U.S. military personnel deployed abroad, about 80,100 U.S. personnel, are stationed in Japan with 53,700 and South Korea with 26,400.

South Korea is home to Camp Humphreys, the largest US military base overseas, located about 65 kilometers south of the capital Seoul.

The 1,398-hectare (3,454-acre) base is one of 80 bases in the country and is less than 100 km (60 miles) from the heavily fortified demilitarized zone that separates North Korea from South Korea.

Europe hosts at least 60,000 US troops. At 33,900, Germany has the largest number of US troops in Europe, and the second highest in the world, followed by Italy with 12,300 and the United Kingdom with 9,300. However, the number of US troops stationed in Germany has more than halved between 2006 and 2020, from 72,400 to 33,900.

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Ramstein Air Base in Germany is the largest center for US troops and military supplies in Europe. Just outside the 1,200-hectare (3,000-acre) base is Landstuhl Regional Medical Center, the largest US military hospital outside the United States. The facility was used extensively during the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and treated thousands of wounded soldiers.

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Like almost all US bases, Ramstein is equipped with hospitals, schools, power plants, apartment complexes and a number of amenities known as “Burger Kings and Bowls”.

Located on the eastern tip of Cuba, the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base is the United States’ oldest overseas military base. The 116-square-kilometer (45-square-mile) facility has been under American control since the late 19th century.

The base is a hotly debated topic between the US and Cuba. For decades, Cuba has insisted that the United States return the territory it took by force in 1898 and later permanently leased in 1903.

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Over the past 70 years, the US military has been deployed to more than 200 countries and territories.

The infographic below shows a brief history of where the United States has deployed its troops since the end of World War II, along with the wars in which they fought.

After the surrender of the Japanese to the Allies that ended World War II, the US and the Soviet Union divided Korea, which had been under Japanese rule, along the 38th parallel, roughly dividing the Korean peninsula in two.

On June 25, 1950, North Korean forces, supported by China and the Soviet Union, invaded the South, triggering the start of the Korean War. Allies with the South, the US deployed about 1.78 million soldiers during the three-year war.

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An estimated 2 to 3 million civilians died during the war. According to the United States Department of Defense, the US suffered 33,739 battle deaths. No formal peace treaty was ever signed.

Tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union continued to arise in Southeast Asia in the 1950s and 1960s. The main conflict pitted the communist government of North Vietnam against South Vietnam and its ally, the US.

More than 3.4 million US troops have been deployed to Southeast Asia; more than three million people, including more than 58,000 Americans, died in the war.

On March 29, 1973, the last US combat troops left Vietnam. Two years later, on April 30, 1975, communist forces took control of South Vietnam and ended the war.

Infographic: Us Military Presence Around The World

US troops board a US Air Force aircraft during a test withdrawal at Tan Son Nhut Air Base as Vietnamese and North Vietnamese officers take photographs near Saigon, Vietnam on March 27, 1975 (Getty Images )

On August 2, 1990, the Iraqi army invaded Kuwait, a small oil-rich nation in the south of the country. A week later, on August 9, the US USA they began Operation Desert Shield, and deployed thousands of troops in Saudi Arabia.

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During the brief war, around 694, 550 American troops were deployed in the region. On February 28, 1991, US President George HW Bush declared a cease-fire and on April 3 of that same year, the UN passed a resolution formally ending the conflict.

The period following the 9/11 attacks and the declaration of war on both Afghanistan in 2001 and Iraq in 2003 saw a large increase in troops abroad. At least 800,000 Americans have served in Afghanistan and more than 1.5 million in Iraq over the past 20 years.

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The human cost of the wars is estimated to have killed more than 900,000 people, mostly civilians.

Hundreds of people gather near a U.S. Air Force C-17 transport plane on the perimeter of Kabul International Airport, Afghanistan, on August 16, 2021. (AP Photo/Shekib Rahmani)

In 2020, the United States spent $778 billion on its military, the largest military spender in the world and more than the next 10 countries combined, according to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI).

China ranks second with $252 billion, followed by India with $73 billion, Russia with $62 billion, and the United Kingdom with $59 billion.

Can America Afford Its Overseas Military Bases?

In the past 20 years alone, the United States has spent $8 trillion on its so-called “global war on terror,” according to Brown University’s Costs of War project. The war in Afghanistan is costing $2.3 trillion, which, according to Brown University researchers, equates to more than $300 million a day for 20 years.

$2.1 trillion was spent on the wars in Iraq and Syria, and $355 million was attributed to other wars. The rest of the money includes more than $1 billion in interest payments on the huge sums of money borrowed to finance the wars, as well as more than $2.2 billion in veterans’ care obligations over the next 30 years. This means that even after the US leaves Afghanistan, it will continue to pay for wars for years to come. In a speech last night (August 21) in Fort Meyer, Virginia, Donald Trump confirmed what was expected:

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