What Weapons Would The Royal Military Red Cap Police Carry

What Weapons Would The Royal Military Red Cap Police Carry – A shako (/ˈ ʃ æ k oʊ / , /ˈ ʃ eɪ k oʊ / , or /ˈ ʃ ɑːkoʊ / ) is a tall, cylindrical military cap, usually with a visor, and sometimes tapered at the top. It is usually with an ornamental plate or badge on the front, metallic or otherwise; and often has a feather, plume (see Hackle) or pompom attached at the top.

The word shako derives from the Hungarian name csákó for the peak that the Hungarian border soldiers (Grz infantry) added to their previously featureless stovepipe-style hats around 1790. Originally, these hats were part of the clothing commonly worn by shepherds before being incorporated into the uniform of the Hungarian Hussar in the early 18th century.

What Weapons Would The Royal Military Red Cap Police Carry

From 1800, the shako is a common military headgear worn by most regiments in the armies of Europe and America. Replacing the lightweight bicorne in most cases, the shako was initially considered an improvement. Made of heavy felt and leather, it retained its shape and provided some protection for the soldier’s skull while its visor shielded his eyes.

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It maintained this preeminence until the middle of the 19th century, when spiked helmets began to be used in the army of Prussia, which influenced the armies of the various German states; and the more practical kepi replaced it for all but parade wear in the Frch army. The Imperial Russian Army substituted a spiked helmet for the shako in 1844-45, but reverted to the latter headgear in 1855, before adopting a form of kepi in 1864.

After the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, military fashions changed and cloth or leather helmets based on German headgear began to replace the shako in many armies.

Although the mid-19th century shako was impressive in appearance and increased the height of the wearer, it was also heavy and offered little protection from bad weather, as most were made of cloth or felt material over a leather body and peak. Many armies used specially designed oilskin covers to protect the shako and the wearer from heavy rain during the campaign. The shako provided little protection against Emy attack, beyond partial shielding of the head from Emy cavalry sabers.

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During the period of general peace that followed the Napoleonic wars, the shako became a spectacular and impractical headgear in the European armies, best for the parade ground. As an example, the 1822 Regcy Officers’ Shako of the British Army was 8+ 1 ⁄2 inches (22 cm) in height and 11 inches (28 cm) across the crown, with ornamtal gold cord and lace. Lieutenant Colonel George Anthony Legh Keck can be seen in an 1851 portrait wearing a “broad-topped” shako, with a 12-inch (30 cm) white plume and held in place by bronze chin scales.

British Military Rifles

The Regcy Shako was followed in the British Army by a succession of models – “Bell-topped”, “Albert”, “Frch” and “Quilted” – until the adoption of the Home Service helmet in 1877.

The Frch light infantry shako (“fabric pipe”) was prescribed in October 1801. There were models with and without visors, but the body of the Shako was always cylindrical. In February 1806, a line infantry shako of a different pattern was adopted. Its body was semi-conical, with the apex wider than the rim. The line infantry pattern was 18 cm high and 23 cm wide at its largest diameter. In November 1810, the dimensions of the shako changed slightly to 19 cm in height and a top of 24.4 cm in diameter, the top now made of hard leather. The earlier cord and tassel decorations were banned as chin scales were added to the design (knife for line infantry, white metal for light infantry). The shako front was decorated by a metal badge bearing the regital number surmounted by a 7 cm tricolor cockade. Decorative bands in gold or silver around the upper circumference indicated officer rank: from a 34 mm band with an additional 14 mm band located 20 mm below it (Colonel, the only officer with two shako bands) to a single 18 mm Ribbon (sub-lieutenant or adjutant non-commissioned officer, the latter with a red silk lozenge pattern in it).

In 1812, the front plate lozge was replaced by an eagle surmounting a crest with the Regimtaler number. Before 1806, the light infantry shakos were decorated with a metal bugle (chasseurs) or simply by a tricolor cockle (carabinier) and colored cords or straps. Where in 1801 the cockade was placed on the left or right side of the shako, it was later moved to the front.

The British pattern “stovepipe” shako was a large, cylindrical type with a brass badge attached to the front. The stovepipe was used by the infantry of the British army from around 1799, and its use continued until the peninsular war, 1814. In the US army, a lower felt shako replaced the top hat style, bearskin crest surmounted “round hat ” in 1810.

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The “Belgian” shako was a black felt shako with a raised front, introduced in 1797 in the Portuguese marines and in 1806 in the Portuguese army as a barretina. It was later adopted by the British Army, officially replacing the stevepipe shako in 1812, but not fully introduced until 1815 and therefore became known as the “Waterloo” shako. This cumbersome headdress was discarded as early as 1816, in favor of the slightly belled “regcy” shako.

Nicknamed by the soldiers as the “Tombstone” cap, because of the extension of the upper front, which was reminiscent of a grave marker.

In the imperial Russian army, a cylindrical shako was adopted for musketeers in 1803, and in 1805 for graders and fusiliers. It was replaced by the different Kiwa (also Kiver) Shako between 1812 and 1816.

And since 2006 as part of the ceremonial uniform of the Kremlin regime. Its distinguishing feature was the cut or concave top.

Provost (military Police)

The Swedish Shako was made of black felt with a leather visor and crown. Shako was equipped with a banderole, brass badge with the coat of arms, cockade and a pompom as a company sign. The officer’s shako was also equipped with a yellow plume. In 1831, the m/1815 Shako was replaced by a new model, the m/1831. This Shako was taller and lighter than its predecessor. The front was decorated with a brass badge with the Swedish coat of arms, three crowns, and a plate with the name of the regiment, a yellow leather kockel and a pompon.

The bell-top shako was a large and elaborate type that became popular in the 1820s and 1830s, when there was little war between the great European powers and practicality on the battlefield became less important than appearance on the parade ground. It featured a crown that flared outwards significantly, had a distinctive bell shape, and was often decorated with decorative cords and plumes. British troops were equipped with the Bell-Top Shako from 1829 to 1844.

US troops followed suit by adopting the “Yeoman” crown cap in 1813 for artillery and rifle regiments, followed by the bell crown cap (with concave sides) from 1821.

The US shakos changed again from 1832 to 1851, when a leather-made “cap” was introduced for infantry and artillery, similar to the earlier “yeoman” crown cap.

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All those models were dropped between 1851 and 1854, in favor of a cloth made shako of smaller size and floated shape, similar to the British “Albert” shako.

The Albert Shako was a British design introduced in 1844 that was intended to be more practical than earlier models. It featured a lower crown, which peaked inward at the top, and a second peak at the back to protect the wearer’s neck from the sun. It is named after Prince Albert, who supposedly designed it. It was not popular, and during the Crimean War a round “dress cap” was often worn instead. It was eventually replaced by smaller, lighter versions.

And a final shako model (1869-1878), as a lower and more ornamted version intended to be worn only on parades. The last two Shako models were made of dark blue fabric mounted on a cork base.

In the US Army, the last shako model of 1872 (a cut down version of the 1851-1854 pattern) was replaced by the spike helmet in 1882.

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The Bgal Native Infantry of the army of the British East India Company wore a version of the bell-top shako as described above, although it lacked a visor or peak. Often portrayed in contemporary illustrations as worn by mutinous sepoys during the Great Indian Rebellion of 1857, this headgear was actually replaced by the Kilmarnock Cap t years earlier.

In 1914, the shako was still worn in France (by Chasseurs à cheval, infantry of the Republican Guard, Chasseurs d’Afrique and Hussars); in Imperial Germany (Jägers, Landwehr and Marines); and Austria-Hungary (full dress of non-Muslim line infantry

And hussars both in full and field dress); in Russia (full dress of gerals, staff officers, and infantry, gineers and artillery of the Imperial Guard). In Belgium, the shako was the official field dress for line infantry, chasseurs à pied, gineer, transport/ambulance, administration, fortress artillery, and mounted chasseurs, although after the outbreak of war it was usually discarded in favor of the “dressed” cap. And Dmark remained a part of the full

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